Customs of the Qing Ming Festival
The customs of the Qingming Festival: such as cold food, tomb sweeping, outing, flying kites, swinging, fighting chickens, tug of war and so on. These customs have gradually been forgotten with the years and social changes, some of them have been forgotten, and some still have been left to the present and give new connotations.
In old Qingdao, Qingming Festival was also seen as a great solar terms. The festival is the day before Tomb-sweeping Day, every family off the fire, to eat cold food. "That 105 days after the winter solstice, the day before the fire, cold, it is also called the" cold day "and" no smoking day". People in the two days before the Qingming open fire, that is, the day is not bright, cooked rice, until after sunset to burn, to show the nostalgia for relatives, because people often continue the activities of the cold food festival to Qingming, and gradually the cold food and clear together.
Prevailing in the Tomb-sweeping Day grave custom, commonly known as "grave grave". This day to fill the entire ancestral grave, remove dust, weed, incense burning paper, held. Some people have to use this opportunity to mend the grave, most of them add soil to the head of the grave symbolically, and press some money on the top of the grave, let others see it, and know that there are still some people in the grave, so that the Qing Ming Festival is to go to the grave no matter how poor the family is. After sacrificing, people must have a picnic and eat up the food they offer, that is to say, they eat "Fu Gang" to express their frugality to their ancestors.
Many people have to eat onions and Egg cakes, meaning this custom continues be clever and sensible. Some people still pinching flowers, called "steamed swallow", eat the chicken and egg white. The little swallow came, and the real spring arrived. On the morning of Qingming, the whole family must eat eggs and chicks, and be clear eyed and not sick. Many students must bring eggs to the teacher to show their respect. On the other hand, during the Qingming Festival, paper with scorpion patterns was posted at home, and scorpions and centipede were not recruited in the family, especially in rural areas.
"Before and after the Qingming, planting melon and pea" is a widely spread folk proverb. In the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, the rural area began to arrange the farm time reasonably. On the Qingming Festival, many farmers eat sorghum rice for cattle. "One thousand, ten thousand, no forgetting a meal of sorghum." Eat high grain gruel, wheat gruel, and corn porridge, which means BBK will eat a lot of beef and donkey on the day to reward their hard work for a year.