清明节介绍中英文

时间:2018-01-07 编辑:华静 手机版

  篇一:清明用英语怎么说?

  清明节是我国重要的传统节日。从二十四节气上讲,它又是节气之一。它是唯一一个节日和节气并存的日子,可见古人对这一天的重视程度。

  清明的具体日期在仲春和暮春之交,大约农历4月4、5、6日之间。此时,天气转暖,大地回春,万物复苏,一片生机盎然,家家门口插柳条,祭扫坟墓和郊外踏青。农谚中也有"清明忙种粟"的说法。

  作为中国人,对于这些从小看大的习俗我们当然不会陌生,可如果问你“清明”用英文怎么讲、你就未必知道了吧!

  首先我们要清楚的是:作为节日的清明节、和作为节气的清明节,它们的英文说法是不同的。

  作为节日的清明节一般翻译为"Tomb Sweeping festival"或者"Tomb-sweeping Day",扫墓节或扫墓日。这个翻译着重强调了清明节的重要习俗“扫墓”。这种说法的好处是,老外一听就能大概明白这个节日的背后含义。

  也有人把清明节翻译为"All Souls'Day",这是一种站在对方文化角度考虑做出的翻译。因为"All Souls'Day"在西方是确实存在的节日,一般称为“万灵日”。这是一个宗教节日,在有的教派里甚至不止一天。教会会在这一天为那些去世后无法进入天堂的

  信徒祈祷,希望他们早日进入天堂。其基本意义和清明节相似,也是祭奠死者的节日。

  另外再谈到作为节气的清明,它被译为"Clear and Bright",清洁和明亮。我们也不难发现,这种译法强调的是清明时节的气候状况,和其他节气的翻译出发点一致。

  比如立夏被译为"Summer begins"、小寒、大寒分别被译为"Slight cold"和"Great cold"。

  篇二:清明节中英文简介

  Qingming Festival (清明节中英文介绍)

  The Qingming (Pure Brightness) Festival is one of the 24 seasonal division points in China, falling on April 4-6 each year. After the festival, the temperature will rise up and rainfall increases. It is the high time for spring plowing and sowing. But the Qingming Festival is not only a seasonal point to guide farm work, it is more a festival of commemoration. The Qingming Festival sees a combination of sadness and happiness.

  清明是中国的二十四节气之一,时间为每年的4月4日到6日。清明节之后,气温上升,雨水增多,是春耕和播种的大好时间。但是,清明作为节日,不仅是指导农耕的节气,更是一个纪念的节日。(节气是我国物候变化、时令顺序的标志,而节日则包含着一定的风俗活动和某种纪念意义。)因此,这个节日中既有祭扫新坟生别死离的悲酸泪,又有踏青游玩的欢笑声,是一个富有特色的节日。

  This is the most important day of sacrifice. Both the Han and minority ethnic groups at this time offer sacrifices to their ancestors and sweep the tombs of the diseased. Also, they will not cook on this day and only cold food is served. The Hanshi (Cold Food) Festival was usually one day before the Qingming Festival. As our ancestors often extended the day to the Qingming, they were later combined.

  清明节是最重要的祭奠日子。汉族和一些少数民族在这个时候会他们祖先献上祭品以及把坟墓外面打扫干净。同时,他们在这一天不动烟火,而是只吃凉的食物。寒食节一般是清明节的前一天,我们的祖先们一般把这一天延长到清明节,最后干脆合二为一了。

  On each Qingming Festival, all cemeteries are crowded with people who came to sweep tombs and offer sacrifices. Traffic on the way to the cemeteries becomes extremely jammed. The customs have been greatly simplified today. After slightly sweeping the tombs, people offer food, flowers and favorites of the dead, then burn incense and paper money and bow before the memorial tablet. 每一个清明节,所有的墓地挤满了前来扫墓和献祭品的人。前往公墓的道路因而变得异常拥挤。现在的习俗已经简单了很多。稍微打扫坟墓之后,人们开始将食物、鲜花和已故之人喜欢的供祭在墓前,然后就在墓碑前点燃香烛、焚化纸钱和鞠躬。

  In contrast to the sadness of the tomb sweepers, people also enjoy hope of Spring on this day. The Qingming Festival is a time when the sun shines brightly, the trees and grass become green and nature is again lively. Since ancient times, people have followed the custom of Spring outings. At this time tourists are everywhere.

  与清明节扫墓的悲哀相反,人们在这个春光明媚的日子里,也一样是可以享受生活的。在清明节里,阳光明媚,树木和小草绿意盎然,大自然又充满了活力。自从古代,人们就春游的风俗,这这个时候到处都是春游的人。

  People love to fly kites during the Qingming Festival. Kite flying is actually not limited to the Qingming Festival. Its uniqueness lies in that people fly kites not during the day, but also at night.

  A string of little lanterns tied onto the kite or the thread look like shining stars, and therefore, are called "god's lanterns."

  放风筝也是清明时节人们所喜爱的活动。放风筝其实不局限于清明节。每逢清明时节,人们不仅白天放,夜间也放。夜里在风筝下或风稳拉线上挂上一串串彩色的小灯笼,象闪烁的明星,被称为“神灯”。

  The Qingming Festival is also a time to plant trees, for the survival rate of saplings is high and trees grow fast later. In the past, the Qingming Festival was called "Arbor Day". But since 1979, "Arbor Day" was settled as March 12 according to the Gregorian calendar.

  因为种植树苗成活率高,成长快,清明节也是一个植树的好时间。在过去,清明节也被叫做“植树节”。但自从1979年,每年公历的三月12日被规定为“植树节”。

  ORIGIN(起源)

  Qing Ming is popularly associated with Jie Zi Zhui, who lived in Shanxi province in 600 B.C. Legend has it that Jie saved his starving lord's life by serving a piece of his own leg. When the lord succeeded in becoming the ruler of a small principality, he invited his faithful follower to join him. However, Jie declined his invitation, preferring to lead a hermit's life with his mother in the mountains.

  谈到清明节,有点历史知识的人,都会联想到历史人物介子椎。据历史记载,在两千多年以前的春秋时代,晋国公子重耳逃亡在外,生活艰苦,跟随他的介子椎不惜从自己的腿上割下一块肉让他充饥。后来,重耳回到晋国,作了国君(即晋文公,春秋五霸之一),大事封赏所有跟随他流亡在外的随从,惟独介子椎拒绝接受封赏,他带了母亲隐居绵山。

  Believing that he could force Jie out by burning the mountain, the lord ordered his men to set the forest on fire. To his consternation, Jie chose to remain where he was and was burnt to death. To commemorate Jie, the lord ordered all fires in every home to be put out on the anniversary of Jie's death. Thus began the "cold food feast", a day when no food could be cooked since no fire could be lit.

  晋文公无计可施,只好放火烧山,他想,介子椎孝顺母亲,一定会带着老母出来。谁知这场大火却把介子椎母子烧死了。为了纪念介子椎,晋文公下令每年的这一天,禁止生火,家家户户只能吃生冷的食物,这就是寒食节的来源。

  The "cold food" festival occurs on the eve of Qing Ming and is often considered as part of the Qing Ming festival. As time passes, the Qing Ming festival replaced the "cold food" festival. Whatever practice is observed,the basic observation of Qing Ming is to remember one's elders by making a special effort to visit their graves, ashes or ancestral tablets. To make the visit even more meaningful, some time should be spent to remind the younger members of the family of the lives and contributions of their ancestors, and the story of Jie Zi Zhui who choose death over capitulation.

  寒食节是在清明节的前一天,古人常把寒食节的活动延续到清明,久而久之,清明取代了寒食节。拜介子椎的习俗也变成了清明扫墓的习俗了。无论以何种形式纪念,为了使纪念祖先的仪式更有意义,我们应该让年轻一代的家庭成员了解先人过去的奋斗历史,当然,还要学习介子椎宁死不屈的气节。

  篇三:清明节英文怎么说

  清明节有以下几中译法:

  Tomb Sweeping Day

  Qingming Festival

  Pure Bright Festival

  Clear Brightness Festival

  例句:

  The day after tomorrow is the Tomb-sweeping Day.

  后天是清明节。

  The Qingming Festival in spring is the occasion for visiting ancestral graves.

  清明节是扫墓拜祭先人的日子。

  The Qingming Festival is a statutory public holiday in mainland China.

  清明节在中国大陆地区是法定节假日。

  篇四:清明节英文介绍

  清明节英文介绍

  A well-known poem by Tang Dynasty writer Du Mu tells of a sad scene in early April: "rains fall heavily as Qingming comes, and passers-by with lowered spirits go." Qingming Day, the traditional tomb-sweeping day, falls on April 4-6 each year. It is a time for remembering loved ones who have departed. People visit their ancestors' graves to sweep away the dirt.

  唐朝著名诗人杜牧有一首著名的诗,描述了四月初令人伤感的一幕场景:“清明时节雨纷纷,路上行人欲断魂。”每年4月4-6日左右的清明节是传统的扫墓的日子。在这一天,人们祭吊去世的亲人,到先人的坟头上扫墓。

  Its origin dates back to the Spring and Autumn Period. Jin prince Chong'er ran away from the country with his supporters due to

  persecution. They were homeless for 19 years and things got so bad that Chong'er began to starve to death. One of the prince's faithful followers, Jie Zitui, cut a piece of muscle from his own leg and served it to his

  master. Chong'er was saved and, in 636 BC, he took back the throne. 清明节可以追溯到春秋时代。晋国公子重耳因受到迫害,率其支持者出逃。19年间,他们居无定所,漂泊四方。一次,他们的处境相当窘迫,重耳饿得快不行了。这时,忠心耿耿的介子推从自己的腿上割下一块肉献给了重耳,公子重耳得救了。公元前636年,他夺回了王位。

  He rewarded the officials who had stayed loyal to him but he forgot about Jie Zitui. By the time Chong'er remembered him, a heartbroken Jie Zitui had traveled deep into the mountains. Chong'er wanted to persuade Jie to come home, so he had the hills set on fire. But Jie was later found beside a large tree, with his old mother on his back. Both were dead. 即位之后,重耳对支持者大加封赏,却忘记了介子退。等到想起这位忠臣时,伤心的介子推早已遁入山林深处。重耳想逼他回来,所以就大火焚山。后来,在一棵大树旁边发现了背着老母的介子推。两人都被烧死了。

  Saddened by the tragedy, Chong'er ordered that fires could not be lit on the day of Jie Zitui's death. From this comes Hanshi Day, or Cold Food Day. People visited Jie Zitui's tomb the next day to pay their respects. Over time, Hanshi Day was replaced with tomb-sweeping day. 重耳悲痛欲绝。他下令,在介子推的忌日不准生火。寒食节即来源于此。寒食节的次日,人们到介子推的坟头上致敬。随着时间的推移,寒食取代了清明节。

  Tomb-sweeping Day 清明节英文介绍

  Tomb-sweeping Day是最常用的

  Pure Bright Festival 清明节另外的说法:

  Qingming Festival(清明节英语介绍)

  The Qingming (Pure Brightness) Festival is one of the 24 seasonal division points in China, falling on April 4-6 each year. After the festival, the temperature will rise up and rainfall increases. It is the high time for spring plowing and sowing. But the Qingming Festival is not only a seasonal point to guide farm work, it is more a festival of

  commemoration.

  The Qingming Festival sees a combination of sadness and happiness.

  This is the most important day of sacrifice. Both the Han and

  minority ethnic groups at this time offer sacrifices to their ancestors and sweep the tombs of the diseased. Also, they will not cook on this day and only cold food is served.

  The Hanshi (Cold Food) Festival was usually one day before the Qingming Festival. As our ancestors often extended the day to the Qingming, they were later combined.

  On each Qingming Festival, all cemeteries are crowded with people who came to sweep tombs and offer sacrifices. Traffic on the way to the cemeteries becomes extremely jammed. The customs have been greatly simplified today. After slightly sweeping the tombs, people offer food, flowers and favorites of the dead, then burn incense and paper money and bow before the memorial tablet.

  In contrast to the sadness of the tomb sweepers, people also enjoy hope of Spring on this day. The Qingming Festival is a time when the sun shines brightly, the trees and grass become green and nature is again lively. Since ancient times, people have followed the custom of Spring outings. At this time tourists are everywhere.

  People love to fly kites during the Qingming Festival. Kite flying is actually not limited to the Qingming Festival. Its uniqueness lies in that people fly kites not during the day, but also at night. A string of little lanterns tied onto the kite or the thread look like shining stars, and therefore, are called "god's lanterns."

  The Qingming Festival is also a time to plant trees, for the survival rate of saplings is high and trees grow fast later. In the past, the

  Qingming Festival was called "Arbor Day". But since 1979, "Arbor Day" was settled as March 12 according to the Gregorian calendar.

  清明节

  清明是我国的二十四节气之一。由于二十四节气比较客观地反映了一年四季气温、降雨、物候等方面的变化,所以古代劳动人民用它安排农事活动。但是,清明作为节日,与纯粹的节气又有所不同。节气是我国物候变化、时令顺序的标志,而节日则包含着一定的风俗活动和某种纪念意义。因此,这个节日中既有祭扫新坟生别死离的悲酸泪,又有踏青游玩的欢笑声,是一个富有特色的节日。

  清明节是我国传统节日,也是最重要的祭祀节日,是祭祖和扫墓的日子。扫墓俗称上坟,祭祀死者的一种活动。汉族和一些少数民族大多都是在清明节扫墓。由于清明与寒食的日子接近,而寒食是民间禁火扫墓的日子,渐渐的,寒食与清明就合二为一了,而寒食既成为清明的别称,也变成为清明时节的一个习俗,清明之日不动烟火,只吃凉的食品。

  按照旧的习俗,扫墓时,人们要携带酒食果品、纸钱等物品到墓地,将食物供祭在亲人墓前,再将纸钱焚化,为坟墓培上新土,折几枝嫩绿的新枝插在坟上,然后叩头行礼祭拜,最后吃掉酒食回家。

  与清明节扫墓的悲哀相反,人们在这个春光明媚的日子里,也一样是可以享受生活的。

  放风筝也是清明时节人们所喜爱的活动。每逢清明时节,人们不仅白天放,夜间也放。夜里在风筝下或风稳拉线上挂上一串串彩色的小灯笼,象闪烁的明星,被称为“神灯”。

  清明前后,春阳照临,春阳照临,春雨飞洒,种植树苗成活率高,成长快。因此,自古以来,我国就有清明植树的习惯。有人还把清明节叫作“植树节”。植树风俗一直流传至今。1979年,人大常委会规定,每年三月十二日为我国植树节。这对动员全国各族人民积极开展绿化祖国活动,有着十分重要的意义。

  清明既是二十四节气之一,又是中华名族传统的祭祖日,现如今也是春光踏青的“小长假”。

  清明一到,春回大地,精神气爽,一年的劳作从此开始。

  清明这天,祭拜祖先,缅怀故人,放飞思念,心存感恩。

  清明小假,踏青插柳,出游赏花,陶冶身心,积蓄能量。

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