教师节节日的由来

时间:2017-09-10 编辑:飞艺 手机版

  导语:教师节即将到来,对于它的由来,各位了解吗?以下是小编整理的教师节节日的由来,欢迎各位的阅读与参考。

  教师节节日的由来

  中国有悠久的尊师重道的传统,古代就有“人有三尊,君、父、师”的说法。《吕氏春秋·尊师》云:“生则谨养,死则敬祭,此尊师之道也。”《师说》中:“师者,所以传道授业解惑也。”在中国几千年的灿烂历史中,“师”,总是受人尊敬,被人爱戴的。老师,是人类文化得以传承的功臣,他们做的贡献是极其巨大的。

  教师节的宗旨就是提高人们对教师为教育事业所做贡献的认识和评价。1931年,教育家邰爽秋、程其保等在南京中央大学集会,发表要求“改善教师待遇,保障教师工作和增进教师修养”的宣言,并议定6月6日为教师节,也称双六节。这个教师节没有被当时的政府承认,但在全国各地产生了一定影响。

  1939年政府决定立孔子诞辰日8月27日为教师节,并颁发了《教师节纪念暂行办法》,但当时未能在全国推行。

教师节节日的由来

  1951年,教育部和全国教育工会曾宣布“五一劳动节”同时为“教师节”,但执行的结果是教师节没有了。文化大革命中,教师被贬为“臭老九”,社会地位极其低下。

  1985年1月,国务院总理在全国人大常委会上提出建立教师节的议案,全国人大常委会通过了这一议案,确定每年的9月10日为教师节。

  1985年9月10日,是中国恢复建立第一个教师节,从此以后,教师们便有了自己的节日。

  附:教师节的来历英语范文

  The Establishment of Teacher’s Day

  In 1931, educators Tai Shuang-qiu and Cheng Bao called on an establishment of teachers’ day to improve teachers’ treatment, protection and promotion of teachers training. They gave out Teachers’ Declaration and asked for the official agreement of teachers’ Day and they celebrated by themselves for teachers in the Central University in Nanjing. Soon, the KMT government first agreed on June 6 for the teachers, and then teachers’ day changed to August 27 (birthday of Confucius).

  After 1949, the Central People’s government resumed June 6 for teachers. The Ministry of Education gave a circular to local education workers, according to the actual situation to organize their celebration activities.

  In 1951 National Education trade unions, educators are recognized as part of the working class. On April 19, 1951, Minister of Education and the Chinese Education Union Chairman of the National Committee issued a written statement that May 1 International Labor Day was at the same time celebrated as teachers’ day. But this day lacks teachers’ profession and the results were not ideal. Especially after 1957, under the influence of the "extreme left", teachers were ignored, so teachers’ day has actually ceased to exist.

教师节节日的由来

  In recent years, the Chinese government has taken many measures to mobilize the whole society to respect teachers, improve the status of teachers and improve teachers work and living conditions. To further enhance the political status of teachers and social status and formation of respecting teachers, respect for knowledge and talent, to promote the development of education, according to NPC deputies and CPPCC National Committee members and the community, especially many teachers throughout the country, a proposal was put forward to the State Council on January 11, 1985, to the National People’s Congress Standing Committee on determining the annual September 10th for teachers’ day. On January 21 of the same year, the 16th National People’s Congress agreed on the proposal, decided on September 10 for teachers’day.

  September 10 was established for the teachers because freshmen at the beginning, began honoring teachers and it is easy to create an atmosphere of teaching and learning. Meanwhile, September has no other national celebrations and it is easy to focus on activities and to promote formation of respecting teachers, respecting knowledge and talents as good social habits in the country.

  Teacher’s Day honors teachers in China. Teachers’ work to a large extent determines the future of our country. Teachers work with every family and every child. In human and social development and progress, teachers play a huge role. Teachers are engineers of human civilization. The continuity of the development of human civilization depends on generation after generation of good education. If not the teachers’ hard and effective work, then the society, the state and the nation will suffer losses in civilization process. Therefore, the progress of a civilization is unthinkable without teachers.

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