The Establishment of Teacher’s Day
In 1931, educators Tai Shuang-qiu and Cheng Bao called on an establishment of teachers’ day to improve teachers’ treatment, protection and promotion of teachers training. They gave out Teachers’ Declaration and asked for the official agreement of teachers’ Day and they celebrated by themselves for teachers in the Central University in Nanjing. Soon, the KMT government first agreed on June 6 for the teachers, and then teachers’ day changed to August 27 (birthday of Confucius).
After 1949, the Central People’s government resumed June 6 for teachers. The Ministry of Education gave a circular to local education workers, according to the actual situation to organize their celebration activities.
In 1951 National Education trade unions, educators are recognized as part of the working class. On April 19, 1951, Minister of Education and the Chinese Education Union Chairman of the National Committee issued a written statement that May 1 International Labor Day was at the same time celebrated as teachers’ day. But this day lacks teachers’ profession and the results were not ideal. Especially after 1957, under the influence of the "extreme left", teachers were ignored, so teachers’ day has actually ceased to exist.
In recent years, the Chinese government has taken many measures to mobilize the whole society to respect teachers, improve the status of teachers and improve teachers work and living conditions. To further enhance the political status of teachers and social status and formation of respecting teachers, respect for knowledge and talent, to promote the development of education, according to NPC deputies and CPPCC National Committee members and the community, especially many teachers throughout the country, a proposal was put forward to the State Council on January 11, 1985, to the National People’s Congress Standing Committee on determining the annual September 10th for teachers’ day. On January 21 of the same year, the 16th National People’s Congress agreed on the proposal, decided on September 10 for teachers’day.
September 10 was established for the teachers because freshmen at the beginning, began honoring teachers and it is easy to create an atmosphere of teaching and learning. Meanwhile, September has no other national celebrations and it is easy to focus on activities and to promote formation of respecting teachers, respecting knowledge and talents as good social habits in the country.
Teacher’s Day honors teachers in China. Teachers’ work to a large extent determines the future of our country. Teachers work with every family and every child. In human and social development and progress, teachers play a huge role. Teachers are engineers of human civilization. The continuity of the development of human civilization depends on generation after generation of good education. If not the teachers’ hard and effective work, then the society, the state and the nation will suffer losses in civilization process. Therefore, the progress of a civilization is unthinkable without teachers.