Spring Festival originated in Shang period
It is said that "Spring Festival" originated from the sacrificial offering of ancestors worshiping the ancestors (wax sacrifice) at the beginning of the year of the Shang dynasty in China. In the early years of the Western Zhou Dynasty, the custom of celebrating harvests and sacrificing ancestors once a year at the intervals between the new years and the old ones can be regarded as the prototype of "Year." However, the name "Year" appeared later, with the name of the year starting from the Zhou Dynasty. Ancient emperors ascended the throne, in order to show the "emperor" authority, often self-reliance calendar.
Years of time to the Western Han Dynasty was officially fixed, has been extended to today. Han Emperor Wu (140 BC ~ 87 BC) succeeded him and decided to rebuild the calendar to make it uniform. Si Maqian suggested creating the first calendar and setting the Spring Festival in the first month of Meng Chun. Today, the calendar we adopted was revised by several dynasties after the Han Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty. However, as the most solemn festival of the Chinese nation, the New Year's Day, the first day of the first lunar month, is followed by a fixed day.
Spring Festival and the concept of the year, the initial meaning from agriculture, the ancient people called the valley's growth cycle "year", "said the text. Wo Division ":" Valley of ripening: also produced in the Xia and Xia Dynasties calendar, the moon is missing the cycle of months, a year is divided into twelve months a month to see the moon on the day of the new moon, the New Moon Of the child called the first year, that is, the beginning of the year, also known as the year, the name of the year from the Zhou Dynasty, until the Western Han Dynasty was officially fixed until today, but the first day of the first lunar month is said As New Year's Day, until the victory of the Chinese Revolution of 1911, the Provisional Government of Nanjing stipulated that the calendar year should be used by the people in order to comply with the agricultural time and to facilitate the statistics. The official calendar should be implemented in government agencies, factories and mines, schools and groups. New Year's Day, lunar January first lunar new year.
On September 27, 1949, New China was established. At the first plenary session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the calendar year of the Gregorian calendar was adopted as the New Year's Day, which was commonly known as the Gregorian calendar. The lunar calendar The first day of the first lunar month is usually before and after the beginning of spring, so the first lunar month must be designated as the "Spring Festival," commonly known as the lunar year.
The Spring Festival in the traditional sense refers to the wax festival from the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month or the sacrificial oven of the twelfth lunar month until the fifteenth day of the lunar January, with the climax of the New Year's Eve and the first day of the first lunar month. During the traditional festival of the Spring Festival, all the Han and most minorities in our country have to hold various celebrations. Most of these activities include sacrificing worship to the gods and Buddha and sacrificing their ancestors. Activities in a colorful, with rich ethnic characteristics.