时间:2017-11-20 编辑:德秀 手机版



  The Origin of Chinese New Year

  The Chinese New Year is now popularly known as the Spring Festival because it starts from the Begining of Spring (the first of the twenty-four terms in coodination with the changes of Nature). Its origin is too old to be traced. Several explanations are hanging around. All agree, however, that the word Nian, which in modern Chinese solely means "year", was originally the name of a monster beast that started to prey on people the night before the beginning of a new year.

  One legend goes that the beast Nian had a very big mouth that would swallow a great many people with one bite. People were very scared. One day, an old man came to their rescue, offering to subdue Nian. To Nian he said, "I hear say that you are very capable, but can you swallow the other beasts of prey on earth instead of people who are by no means of your worthy opponents?" So, it did swallow many of the beasts of prey on earth that also harrassed people and their domestic animals from time to time.

  After that, the old man disappeared riding the beast Nian. He turned out to be an immortal god. Now that Nian is gone and other beasts of prey are also scared into forests, people begin to enjoy their peaceful life. Before the old man left, he had told people to put up red paper decorations on their windows and doors at each year's end to scare away Nian in case it sneaked back again, because red is the color the beast feared the most.From then on, the tradition of observing the conquest of Nian is carried on from generation to generation. The term "Guo Nian", which may mean "Survive the Nian" becomes today "Celebrate the (New) Year" as the word "guo" in Chinese having both the meaning of "pass-over" and "observe". The custom of putting up red paper and firing fire-crackers to scare away Nian should it have a chance to run loose is still around. However, people today have long forgotten why they are doing all this, except that they feel the color and the sound add to the excitement of the celebration.


  春节,是农历的岁首,也是我国古老的传统节日。古代过“年”不是在腊月二十九日或三十日,而是在“蜡日”,即后来的“腊八”。南北朝以后,把“蜡祭”移至岁末。到了民国时 ,改用阳历,才把阴历年叫“春节”,因为春节一般都在“立春”前后。


  春节,顾名思义就是春天的节日。春天来临,万象更新,新一轮播种和收获季节又要开始。 人们有足够的理由载歌载舞来迎接这个节日。于是,节前就在门脸上贴上红纸黄字的新年寄语。

  春节的另一名称叫过年。“年”是什么呢?是一种为人们带来坏运气的想象中的动物。“年”一来。树木凋蔽,百草不生;“年”一“过”,万物生长,鲜花遍地。“年”如何才能过去呢?需用鞭炮轰 ,于是有了燃鞭炮的习俗。1993年,北京市人民政府颁布了禁放烟花爆竹的法律,使这一沿续了几百年的习俗成为历史。

  春节是个亲人团聚的节日,这一点和西方的圣诞节很相似。离家的孩子这时要不远千里回到父母家里。真正过年的前一夜叫“除夕”,又叫“团圆夜”,“团年”。传统的庆祝活动则从除夕一直持续到正月十五元宵节。喜庆气氛要持续一个月。 正月初一前有祭灶、祭祖、 扫除污秽。三十日要贴门神、对联、挂旗、吃饺子、放鞭炮,除夕“守岁”等 仪 式;正月初一晚辈向长辈拜年,然后至亲友家贺年。亲友第一次见面时,说些“恭贺新喜”、“恭喜发财”、“恭喜”、“过年好”等话,互相祝贺。


  1. 新春快乐:happy Chinese New Year

  2. 一帆风顺:wish you every success

  3. 二龙腾飞:two dragons soar

  4. 三阳开泰:auspicious beginning of a New Year

  5. 四季平安:peace and safety all year around

  6. 五福临门:the five blessings have descended upon the house

  7. 六六大顺:everything goes smoothly

  8. 七星高照:seven stars shine brightly

  9. 八方来财:fortune comes from all directions

  10. 九九同心:the whole universe united in one heart

  11. 十全十美:be perfect in every respect

  12. 百花齐放:all flowers bloom together

  13. 财源广进:may a river of gold flow into your pockets

  14. 万事如意:hope everything goes your way

  15. 岁岁平安:may you start safe and sound all year round

  16. 名列前茅:always come first in examinations

  17. 鹏程万里:have a bright future

  18. 风调雨顺:timely wind and rain bring good harvest

  19. 国泰民安:wish our country flourish and people live in peace

  20. 龙马精神:as energetic as a dragon and a horse

  21. 年年有余:may there be surplus year after year

  22. 恭喜发财:wish you prosperity

  23. 百尺竿头:make still further progress

  24. 花好月圆:blooming flowers and full moon - perfect conjugal bliss

  25. 阖家幸福:wish your entire family to be happy

  26. 心想事成:may all your wishes come true

  27. 步步高升:wish you get promotion

  28. 万象更新:everything takes on a completely new look

  29. 蒸蒸日上:wish you become more prosperous every day

  30. 身体健康:good health

  31. 出入平安:wish you safety wherever you go

  32. 笑口常开:wear a smile often

  33. 学习进步:make progress in your study

  34. 生意兴隆:wish you a booming business

  35. 工作顺利:everything goes well with your work

  36. 龙凤呈祥:prosperity brought by dragon and phoenix

  37. 生龙活虎:full of life and energy

  38. 吉祥如意:good fortune

  39. 鲤鱼跃龙门:get rapid promotion